The Kumbh Mela, Where to Worship with 30 Million Pilgrims!

Last February, I had the opportunity to experience and photograph the Kumbh Mela, the largest human gathering in the world held, not surprisingly, in India. The Kumbh Mela is a mass pilgrimage in which Hindus gather for a ritual bath in the waters of a holy river.  A dip in this sacred water at such a time and location is believed to cleanse sins and bring salvation.

With a small group of  “intrepid” photographers led by photojournalist and humanitarian photographer Karl Grobl, I spent almost a week in a crowd of up to 30 million believers, pilgrims, yogis, monks, sadhus, priests, and some random interlopers like us. Thirty million was the estimated attendance on Feb 10, a very auspicious day to bathe for Hindu pilgrims and a day we had planned to be at the Kumbh Mela.  If you are having trouble grasping what the number 30 million people represents, it is the same as the population of Canada.  But Canada is the second-largest country in the world (in land mass).  Here we had all those people in one place.  Yes, it was crowded.

The Kumbh Mela has its origins in Hindu mythology – many believe that when gods and demons fought over a pitcher of nectar (Kumbh in Hindu means pitcher or urn), a few drops fell in the cities of Allahabad, Nasik, Ujjain, and Haridwar – the four places where the Kumbh festival has been held for centuries.  As it is every 12 years, the 2013 Kumbh Mela was held at Allahabad, in Uttar Pradesh, about 130 km from Varanasi.  Allahabad (or Prayag as it is also called) seems to be the most significant of the four locations as pilgrims can bathe at the confluence of the river Ganges, the river Yamuna and the mythical river Saraswati.  The point where the rivers meet is an area referred to as the “Sangam.”  Furthermore, we were told (although not everyone agrees) that this year’s festival is known as a Maha Kumbh, which only occurs every 144 years and is always held in Allahabad.   During the Maha Kumbh Mela the planets are said to align precisely as they were when the nectar fell from the sky.  I am not sure how to fact-check that, however. The 2013 Maha Kumbh lasted for 55 days, a period also determined by an astrological calculation.

Even though Karl labeled our group “intrepid travelers” I can tell you that this traveler was somewhat anxious about the prospect of being surrounded by such a sea of people. On arrival, we learned that our tent camp was about a 1 ½ hour walk (on a quiet day) from the Sangam.  As it was dark when we arrived, our first experience with the Kumbh Mela was not visual but auditory.  Chanting and music go on non-stop all night, every night. So we spent our first night getting used to the constant but soothing Kumbh Mela music, almost loud enough to drown the snoring of nearby tent occupants.   That (the chanting, not the snoring) was the soundtrack we would be hearing during our visit, only enhanced during the day by the non-ending announcement of lost and found people through very loud speakers.

The following day, we discovered that a substantial temporary city had been built to accommodate the pilgrims. Humongous pontoon bridges (18) have been erected to allow the crowds to cross the river, as the main bridge could not accommodate the hordes. Camp areas have been identified where pilgrims live in tents or makeshift accommodations.  On the Mela ground, one can find people selling whatever may be needed for the festivals, bangles, blankets, offerings, images, and prayer books.  One can also find food stalls, barbers, police and security officers, medical clinics, the ubiquitous chai shops, and of course …beggars. Beggars are essential because part of one’s religious duty is giving, which will bring good karma.  On the main streets are many fragile-looking ashrams (spiritual dwellings) where the chanting goes on 24/7 and where people give food away to pilgrims.  As you can imagine, or, as you probably cannot imagine, there are people everywhere. People gather here from every part of India using every conceivable traveling option.  I saw some pilgrims piled up in a trailer pulled by a tractor.  Others come using trains, camels, horses, jeeps, trucks, overcrowded buses, or just walking as part of the pilgrimage.  We also saw a few fancy cars, unfortunately not available for hire, we would be walking a lot ourselves.

In this first of three posts, I will share my favorite pictures of the people we met on the Mela ground.  We walked around the various streets the first few days to soak it all in. We also visited an area where some pilgrims had made their home away from home.  Although the festival site is drab and muddy, the inevitable colors of India brighten the scene.  The saffron robes of the sadhus, the holy men in India, are everywhere, and women are washing and drying saris wherever they can.

In other posts, I will introduce the colorful sadhus that are at the Kumbh Mela to assist their followers in their spiritual search (The Kumbh Mela, a must for Saddhus) and then will turn to images trying to capture some of the intense devotion of the pilgrims as they proceed through their bathing rituals at the confluence of the holy rivers (The Kumbh Mela: Devotion Beyond Imagination).

Welcome to the Kumbh Mela.




23 Responses

  1. Great images. I was there too (actually left on the 10th, the day of the stampede), it still gives me boosbumps to see the photos from those days!

  2. As always, France, your narrative and photos are fantastic. It transported me to a different time and place away from my desk and computer. Thank you for the journey!

  3. Oh my – the crowds! The faces! India intrigues and also frightens me a bit with so many people, so much poverty. You captured the humanity, mystery, beauty. Stunning.

  4. Hi France
    I was there for 10 days from 6th Feb to 16th Feb it was my first kumbh mela. I also helped many pilgrims and other visitors. I am connected to few spiritual organizations so my aim was to help devotees who planed for pilgrimage for this festival.
    You can follow us for future kumbh mela updates on Facebook page.

  5. I really enjoyed these photos. Great pictures taken under very difficult circumstances.
    I saw this trip advertised (I went with Carl to southeast Asia) and wished I could go but knew I couldn’t handle it. I’m very impressed. Thanks for sharing and looking forward to your next one.

  6. What? No birds?
    Another fine photo collection, France! I am envious of your abilites to connect with people.
    We are leaving for Namibia in 2 weeks. Be gone a month… I will take lots of bird phtos for you.
    Be well, Elise

    1. Elise, Well birds were not the focus this time. I may have pictures of a few chickens though, but you are better at birds than me anyway. Enjoy Namibia. Best to Sharon. France

  7. So glad to have shared this experience with you, the other intrepid travellers and Carl! Your photos are beautiful and powerful, your writing is like lyrics of a song (chanting may be). I wish I could write half as good as you do… in the meantime I enjoy reading you. Thanks a lot for this post, brings great memories and allow us to appreciate your fantastic work! Can’t wait for the next one to come!

  8. Hi France

    Alexandra forwarded a link to your amazing blog

    The way you have written the story is very impressive as it has captured the almost impossible scenes and atmosphere that we experienced. Added to that the images are also very powerful and composed. watch out Karl!!

    I can’t wait to see the following chapters

    Kind regards


    1. Hi Andrew,

      And what an experience it was! Thanks for your kind words but I don’t think Karl has anything to worry about ;-), except maybe from you.

      All the best,


  9. I can’t even begin to imagine 30 million people all in a small place at the same time. You have a wonderful collection of images which makes me feel as if I was there, though feeling a little less crowded than you would have!

    1. Thanks for stopping by. Yes, it was crowded. Being there also makes you realize how personal space is a luxury that we take for granted. Enjoy it. Best, France

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